In 1871, Seth Green, known as the pioneer of fish farming and credited with inventing the fishing reel, planted shad fry in the Sacramento River, California. Anglers began to steadily fish for shad on the West Coast well after that, closer to the 1900’s, and mostly to put food on the table. About thirty years later, the first shad caught on a fly rod was reported on the East Coast. In the late 1980’s, when fly fishing really began to soar, California became a hot-spot for catching shad on a fly because shad numbers had dramatically decreased on the East Coast. Shad enter rivers between May and June to spawn, and are easily caught in the American River, Feather River, and lower Sacramento River. As far as eating shad goes, you either love them or hate them. Those who hate the taste of shad dubbed them, “Trash Fish.” However, the chaos they create when hooked remind fly fishers of the silver beasts in saltwater, Tarpon. I’ve been calling Shad “Freshwater Tarpon” since the late 90’s.
Shad travel is large schools, usually moving near dusk and at night. It is not uncommon to catch 50 fish or more from a single school. Male shad average from one to two pounds, while females average from four to five pounds (they are older and are full of roe). The current world record for an American Shad is eleven pounds, four ounces. It was caught in 1986 on the Connecticut River. Shad spend the majority of their lives in the saltwater before returning to rivers to spawn. While the East Coast spends millions of dollars trying to revive and fix their struggling and once dominant Shad populations, the West Coast sees millions of shad returning annually. Shad are quick to smash a swinging “shad dart,” and often go air born when hooked. It’s a spectacular sight! Once you get dialed in to this amazing fishery, between May and June, you’ll be hooked.
You can go several ways here. If you choose to cover a lot of water, but want to stay in one area, I’d use a Spey Rod. Most guys use a single-handed 6 or 7-weight rod. If you choose to cover a lot of water on foot or by boat, go with a standard fast-action rod. I use a 9 ½ feet, six weight rod. It works well with shad darts or dry flies, and the extra six inches helps with casting the sink-tip lines all day.
When it comes to a reel, I always use a large arbor reel capable of holding a minimum of 200 yards of backing with a disc drag. Shad tend to smoke line from the reel similar to Bonefish. I’m always happy to look down and see extra backing after the initial run after hooking a fish. When the Shad go air born and come at you with speed, it’s nice to retrieve line quickly with the large arbor.
The traditional fly line I use is a Teeny 200 grain. Sometimes, I like using a multi-tip line, one I can change from 200 grain up to 500 grain in a matter of seconds. If you consistently get the fly in the right part of the water column, the Shad will eat it every time. In fact, if you stop catching Shad, it’s probably not you, the fish have just moved on. When that happens, move upstream until you find similar fishy water.
As with the rest of fly fishing when it comes to fly selection, there are a million combinations of shad darts-mostly intended to hook you, not Shad. Spin fishermen also primarily use shad darts to catch Shad, which has contributed to the overwhelming variance in the fly/lure. I primarily use two types of shad darts, those with buck tail and those without. Lately, or should I say, this Shad season, “Bug Eye” shad darts are the “Gotta Have” flies. I use two colors every season and do very well. I use Chartreuse or pink. Shad fly sizes vary, and are called by different names (not #14 for example, but 1/32). The easiest way to explain the size I use is to grab a penny and grab shad darts the same size as the penny. Some fly shops size the flies as #6 or #8. Most shad darts are made of chenille bodies and have bead eyes. Other colors I use are white, orange, and red. There are a few times when you can get Shad to rise to a large dry fly, such as a #12 Goddard Caddis. If you skate the fly in the shallows around dusk, when the fish are mating, occasionally a Shad will take the fly on the surface. The eruption will take you by surprise every time.
Leader selection is also different from using traditional tapered leaders. Shad are not bashful. I typically use a six to eight-foot section of six to eight-pound monofilament. When the season rolls around I tend to lose a lot of Shad in the beginning because I rip the fly out of their soft mouth. With the heavier monofilament, I tend to pull the fly right out. Once you get the fish hooked be careful not to horse it, otherwise the fly will come out.
If you have some familiarity with swinging soft-hackles or streamers, you can step into Shad fishing fairly nicely. The concept is among the most simple in fly fishing. Shad tend to congregate just below or just above long riffles. This is because spawning usually occurs over gently sloping areas with fine gravel or sandy bottoms. The water tends to be a few feet deep and moves at a medium pace.
To get started, I’ll work the water closest to the bank I’m standing on. I don’t enter the water to do this. I’ll aim a cast upstream a bit, do a few mends of the slack line, then get situated for a tug, smack, or fish taking to the air with my shad dart in its mouth. As the current takes the fly down stream, the fly line drags along the surface of the river. When this occurs, the fly begins to swing through the riffle. Normally, drag is a no-no in fly fishing; however, for shad, it’s a good thing. As the fly buzzes through the riffle, Shad cannot resist it. As with streamers and soft hackles, when the shad dart gets to the end of the drift, directly below me, I’ll do several short strips, and then let the fly drift downstream again. Often times Shad will smack the fly as you start to strip it. Shad tend to hook themselves, but a slight strip-set usually secures the fly in their mouth.
Male Shad, called “Bucks,” are smaller, younger, and more agile; thus, they tend to go air born once hooked. It is important to remember when they go air born you must bow your rod to the fish because they have very soft mouths. To bow your rod to the fish, point the rod tip at the Shad where it exited the water and try to follow the fish in the direction it is traveling with your rod tip. This simple step will often keep the fish hooked, allowing you to land it.
I continue to work the riffle, carefully moving farther and farther out into the river, until I consistently reach the far bank. As I move out, I’m working the water. The key to Shad fishing is getting the fly down to the fish. When you hook a fish, try to remember exactly what you did to get the strike. I find myself getting in to a “zone” sometimes, meaning I do the same things over and over and continue to catch fish. When it gets later in the day, especially toward dusk, Shad will continue to migrate upstream searching for a suitable place for mating. I tend to catch the majority of fish during dusk and in to the evening. I still fish the early morning and mid-afternoon part of the day, but I go in to it knowing I might not see as many fish.
Northern California Overview:
There are several great shad spots on the Feather River between the Sacramento River and the Oroville Dam. A consistent hot-spot, known as Shanghai Bend, is downstream of Marysville. A few overlooked Shad rivers include the Yuba, a tributary to the Feather, which moves southwest along Route 20, and the American River. The Nimbus Dam area on the American River provides great access. Depending on the water levels, little islands pop up and split the Shad runs. You have to cover more water here, but when you find the main run of Shad, you can catch fish all day long. The Klamath River, north of the Bay Area, is big Shad water, better fished with spinners. However, the Trinity River, a tributary of the Klamath, meanders northwest along Route 299. It is more accessible, smaller water, and more appropriate for fly fishing.
Over the years, I have consistently found the most productive fly fishing for Shad to be in an area I alluded to earlier, Shanghai Bend on the Feather River. It is not uncommon to catch 50 fish in a day. Some anglers boast of triple digit days, which is believable because millions of Shad migrate through the river system. Shanghai Bend is located just below the town of Marysville, California, and provides great access for wading fly fishermen. The water here is gently sloping, with gravel and sandy bottoms, making it ideal for Shad spawning habitat. Shad are similar to Salmon in that they return to spawn in the same water they were born in. Shad can also return to the ocean after spawning, but some expire after mating.
Tight lines friends!
C. L. Swinney
A terrible tragedy and Americans coming together to help out….
My first real writing gig came while writing about something I truly love, fly fishing. Here’s a piece I wrote a long time ago, back when I was in college. Unless you are into the outdoors or fly fishing, this one may not suit you 🙂
Mastering Pocket Water:
Pocket water is medium to medium-fast water flowing through exposed large rocks and boulders. As the water moves through, pockets of water form in varying sizes. Normally these areas are located in canyons and sometimes require a bit of a hike. Nevertheless, skipping the area is a mistake. These pockets are full of trout.
Before getting started, gently roll rocks over in and around the boulders to see what kind of bugs scamper for shelter. Caddis and Mayfly nymphs, usually brownish green, black, or grey, are the most abundant food source in most trout streams. If you see twenty brown bugs and one grey bug, tie on a fly (Pheasant Tail nymph) the same size as the brown bugs under the rock. If you see twenty brown bugs and twenty grey bugs, tie two nymphs on. (Pheasant Tail Nymph and a Hare’s Ear Nymph.) If you don’t see any bugs, continue to turn over rocks until you find some. I learned a long time ago that most of the flies at the fly fishing shop were meant to catch fisherman, not fish. If you find several different bugs, of various sizes and color, write down or commit to memory what you saw to use later if necessary.
Pheasant Tail Hare’s Ear
Next read the water. As the water flows to the left or right when it passes by a boulder, feeding lanes are created. Take a few spent leaves, throw them in the water, and watch where they go naturally… this is where you want to present a fly. Normally, bigger trout will be at or near the front of the boulders-giving them first dibs on the food coming through. Focus most of your attention where the fish live and eat as some of the water won’t hold many fish.
Begin at the head of the pocket water by presenting a fly on the side of the boulder closest to the shoreline you are standing on. Aim the cast about two feet ahead of the lane you want to fish and immediately do a few stack mends to help get the flies down quick. Vary the depth of the flies with split shot or weighted nymphs until you are sure the flies are working the entire water column. Do four to five casts on each side of the boulder. Work the “pocket water” after fishing the sides of the boulders. Do about five presentations in this area as well. It sounds tedious, but continue this process for every boulder. After working the boulders closest to you, work the far bank and the slicks. If you don’t hook up, go back to the beginning and change flies. After you catch a fish, stick with the fly that worked until you stop catching fish. The current will help your line downstream and move the fly for you; however, you may need to gently assist the fly as it travels through the pockets of water to make it appear more natural and to prevent snags-similar to the European nymphing technique. The key is to watch your indicator and fly line closely- anything weird happens, set the hook.
A dry fly should be presented in a different manner than with a nymph. In most rivers, early morning and late evening prompt most bug hatches to begin. Start at the end of the pocket water section you are fishing and work upstream. Concentrate on the water behind and in front of the boulders. Work upstream because the fish are facing upstream and you will spook fewer of them approaching from behind them. This is far more important for dry fly fishing than it is for nymph fishing. When a fish rises to your fly and you happen to miss it, wait a few minutes before going right back after it. If the fish felt any part of the hook on the previous rise, it might come up to look at the fly, but that’s it. If you wait a little bit, it will usually take the fly cleanly.
Use highly visible patterns, such as Elk Hair Caddis, Humpy’s, or Stimulators, that ride high on the surface film and are easier to see in choppy white water. If a lot of mayflies are dancing just above the water and I see fish flashing and darting beneath them, I shake out about three feet of fly line, lengthen my leader to about twelve feet, and “dance” my dry fly among the naturals. I let my fly hit the surface of the water from time to time and the trout crush usually it. Each and every rock should be worked over until your arm is sore or you run out of day light.
Caddis Fly Stimulator
I prefer a 9 ½ foot 5-weight rod, coupled with a disc drag reel. I prefer a yarn indicator about the size of a nickel and a knot-less nine foot leader. I tie on a fly, and to the bend of the hook in that fly, I tie another one on. I use about eighteen inches of tippet for this. About four to six inches above the first fly I add a split shot, usually “bb” size. I’ll adjust the depth my flies travel by moving the indicator up or down or adding more weight- the goal is to ensure my flies get down quickly. You can add weight alternatively by putting split shot below the last fly. Tie an eighteen-inch section of tippet to the bend of the hook in the last fly. Put a few knots on the end of the line and add the split shots just above these knots. This way, if you feel the split shot hitting the bottom, you know your flies are pretty close to the right spot. By doing this, you lose split-shot instead of the whole set up when you get snagged. I use heavier tippet, say 5x or 6x, while fishing pocket water because the fish have less time to decide if the fly is real or not. For dry flies, I like to use a nine foot leader and lots of floatant. A high-riding fly will drift more naturally.
Prior to the spawn and just after the spawn, the majority of trout living in rivers with pocket water will congregate among the boulders and fast-moving water. The area provides higher levels of oxygen, feeding lanes with ample food, and tremendous cover. Mastering this water will significantly increase your ability to bring fish to the palm and is worth fishing on your way to the tail outs and riffles on your favorite river or stream.
Tight lines friends.
C.L. Swinney 🙂
Just released! ROWENA AND THE DARK LORD (Land’s End series, book 2)
Is that a broadsword on your belt, or are you just glad to see me?
“Hot and hilarious!”
“A fantastical tour de force”
“The Princess Bride with Sex”“
Excerpt from ROWENA AND THE DARK LORD, book 2 in the Land’s End fantasy series:
It quickly became apparent that Howard was not a natural horseman. In fact, it was also obvious that Howard was not exactly a guy’s guy, if you know what I mean. I began to wonder if that’s why Richard chose him to accompany me. No competition.
At the same time, I was coming to a conclusion about who was going to keep whom safe. Let me give you a picture.
Hour One into the ride:
“Can we stop now? My backside is sore,” Howard whined.
“Let’s wait until we get to the river,” I said.
Hour Two into the ride:
Moan. “I’ve got to go.”
I pulled up. “Okay, we’ll break here.”
We both swung off our horses. Howard caught his foot in the stirrup and landed on his back.
“Ow, ow!” he cried.
I walked over and extricated his foot.
“Have you ever ridden before, Howard?”
“Once or twice.”
I was beginning to get a very bad feeling.
“Did you volunteer for this job?”
“Yes.” He was now relieving himself off to my right.
“Why?” My voice was perhaps a little harsh.
“To get out of fighting, of course. Everyone says there’s going to be a big battle. It seemed like a good time to leave the castle.”
I rolled my eyes. So now I had a complete newbie horse dude who was also a coward to look after on this trip. Howard the Coward. Lucky me.
“Can we sit for a bit? I’m exhausted.” He plunked down on the grass. Then he sprang up again.
“Ow! Ow! Ow!” He ran around in circles.
“What is it?” I watched in amazement.
“A bee! I sat on a bee.”
Hoo boy. This was going to be a long ride.
“Are you sure it’s a bee?” I said, crossing my arms. “Maybe it was a wasp.”
“Does it matter?” He was jumping up and down.
“Well, if it’s a wasp, you’re okay. If it’s a bee, the stinger will still be stuck in you. So when you sit down again…”
“Ahhh!! Take it out! Get it out!” He lifted his tunic and bent over.
I turned away. “I am so not doing that.”
Melodie Campbell achieved a personal best this year when Library Journal compared her to Janet Evanovich. She has over 200 publications, including 100 comedy credits, 40 short stories, and 4 novels. She has won 6 awards for fiction.
Enter for a $50 Amazon gift certificate and 15 book Giveaway! Free! Deadline May 10 www.funnygirlmelodie.blogspot.ca
ROWENA AND THE DARK LORD, book 2 in the Land’s End series, is NOW AVAILABLE at the special introductory price of .99! (regular price $3.99, after May 1.) Buy Link:
And the one that started it all: ROWENA THROUGH THE WALL, book 1 in the Land’s End series
Take a look at the picture above and reflect on what it means to you. I’m sure it means plenty of different things to people throughout the United States, but good or bad, it sure is a powerful image. Some of you won’t have any idea what these soldiers are doing or who they are. But you should know that these are Tomb Soldiers protecting the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, in this case, during a terrible storm. Not too many things in my life have caused the hair on the back of my neck to stand straight up or forced me to stop dead in my tracks in awe. In fact, when I was baptized at the age of 22, and the one and only time I visited the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier are the only times in my life I felt I was truly witnessing something very special.
Whether you are for or against war, support or do not support American military, what’s happening at this tomb should still hit you squarely in the jaw. Men, willing to give their lives so complete strangers would remain free have died in every war American troops have been in. The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier contains the remains of, “one known to God.” Yet, every day of the year, through rain, snow, and heat, this tomb is protected by American troops.
When I saw these men and women (called Sentinels) marching in front of the tomb, then later changing of the guard, I was blown away. I did not utter a word and I stood there just watching. I’ve never been in the military, but I respect the hell out of American troops. What these men and women do everyday for our country is amazing. Then I noticed the concrete where the soldiers marched was worn. That’s right, the concrete was worn from these brave men marching back and forth, back and forth, protecting the tomb. You cannot talk to these soldiers, and if you try, they will not answer. They take their job extremely seriously and it made me proud to be an American. I’ve included below what Sentinels must do JUST TO GET A CHANCE TO get this detail. Read it and ask yourself, “Do you have what it takes?”
The Tomb of the Unknowns (also known as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier) is guarded 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, and in any weather by Tomb Guard sentinels. Sentinels, all volunteers, are considered to be the best of the elite 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard), headquartered at Fort Myer, Va.
After members of the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment become ceremonially qualified, they are eligible to volunteer for duty as sentinels at the Tomb. If accepted, they are assigned to Company E of The Old Guard. Each soldier must be in superb physical condition, possess an unblemished military record and be between 5 feet, 10 inches and 6 feet, 4 inches tall, with a proportionate weight and build. An interview and a two-week trial to determine a volunteer’s capability to train as a tomb guard is required.
During the trial phase, would-be sentinels memorize seven pages of Arlington National Cemetery history. This information must be recited verbatim in order to earn a “walk.” A walk occurs between guard changes. A daytime walk is one-half hour in the summer and one hour in the winter. All night walks are one hour.
If a soldier passes the first training phase, “new-soldier” training begins. New sentinels learn the history of Arlington National Cemetery and the grave locations of nearly 300 veterans. They learn the guard-change ceremony and the manual of arms that takes place during the inspection portion of the Changing of the Guard. Sentinels learn to keep their uniforms and weapons in immaculate condition.
The sentinels will be tested to earn the privilege of wearing the silver Tomb Guard Identification Badge after several months of serving. First, they are tested on their manual of arms, uniform preparation and their walks. Then, the Badge Test is given. The test is 100 randomly selected questions of the 300 items memorized during training on the history of Arlington National Cemetery and the Tomb of the Unknowns. The would-be badge holder must get more than 95 percent correct to succeed. Only 400 Tomb Guard Badges have been awarded since it was created in February 1958.
The Tomb Guard Identification Badge is a temporary award until the badge-holding sentinel has honorably served at the Tomb of the Unknowns for nine months. At that time, the award can be made a permanent badge, which may then be worn for the rest of a military career. The silver badge is an upside-down, laurel-leaf wreath surrounding a depiction of the front face of the Tomb. Peace, Victory and Valor are portrayed as Greek figures. The words “Honor Guard” are shown below the Tomb on the badge.
There are three reliefs, each having one relief commander and about six sentinels. The three reliefs are divided by height so that those in each guard change ceremony look similar. The sentinels rotate walks every hour in the winter and at night, and every half-hour in the day during the summer. The Tomb Guard Quarters is staffed using a rotating Kelly system. Each relief has the following schedule: first day on, one day off, second day on, one day off, third day on, four days off. Then, their schedule repeats.
Can’t beat this!
“People tell me I’m the world’s greatest comedian. Ask me why people tell me I’m the world’s greatest comedian.”
“Why do people tell you –“
Sometimes it’s like that with wet flies. Time the hatch just right, and you can look like the second coming of Joe Brooks. Legions of obliging trout and the right fly don’t hurt, either.
Such was my good fortune on Wednesday. The DEEP had recently stocked the upper TMA with several thousand trout. Armed with this intelligence, I met Todd Kuhrt and his brother in New Hartford, and we were on the water by 10:30am. We had won the April weather lottery, with blazing, brilliant sunshine and temperatures that were supposed to climb into the low 60s. I was rigged up for nymphing, so I wandered off to the head of a deep run while Todd and his brother set up shop a hundred…
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